Friday, September 07, 2007

Day 5 Lecture - Prof. Lee Daehon

Lecture: Civil Society Movement,
NGOs and Social Movements in Korea
By: Francis Daehoon Lee
7 September, 2007

PSPD – Peoples Solidarity for Participatory Democracy

3 Parts of the Lecture:

Tackling basic words and expressions
Social movements in South Korea
Security politics

Civil Society
Social Movement
State, Market, Society

· These terms are defined based on the context of the society

What we are and what we are NOT:

Non-governmental organizations – NGOs
Non – Profit: NPO; least used in South Korean context
Civil Society Organizations: CSOs
Voluntary; least used term in South Korea
Peoples Organizations: PO

Dissidents – a term used in South Korea who are considered to be people doing something to change the society working outside the system
The word NGO is a work imported from outside
Birth Certificate of “NGO”, non-governmental organization
Birth date: Jun 26, 1945
Parents: Founding states of the UN
Midwife: 42 civilian representatives
Godfather: James T. Shortwell
Record: UN Charter Chapter 10, Art. 71

Civil Society:
Civil (civilization)?
Civil in East Asia; independence; nationality; public; folk; city people;
Civil Society = Bourgeois society? Class power relations
Civil Society – Market – State
Why people used the term civil society after 1980s in South Korea?

Change of interests
Change of governments
Change the social fabric especially in the economic sphere
Civil society was introduce in the wake of liberalized idea and context of the world

Social Movement:

National liberations
Ideology; liberal, progressive
Goals; systematic, LIFE world change
Institutional Politics; inside, outside
Agenda boundary; national, regional, international

What is a good civil society?

Social Movement in S. Korea before and After 1987

Before 1987

o 50s: war, poverty, and corruption
o 1960s; April Revolution
o 1961; Park JH’s coup and MD regime
o 60s; intellectuals, dissidents, oppositions
o 70s; students, workers, farmers, women, religious groups, mass resistance
o 1979 Chun’s coup, power struggle
o 1980; popular resistance, Gwangju, radicalization, workers’ struggle, widening, coalitions

1987 June

o Popular front against the military regime; liberals and progressives
o Weakening of the ruling power; division between liberals and authoritarians
o Liberal consensus – passive revolution
o Tension: in the popular front, among the liberals, by the right-wing forces

After 1987
o Complex and diversified expansion of social movements
o Formation of citizens’ movements (roughly NGOs)
o Systematic development of people’s movements

(Source: Lecture Notes of Ms. Anna Malindog)

1 comment:

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