Wednesday, September 05, 2007

Lecture Day 3 -Cultural Movement in Korea

Lecture: Cultural Movement in Korea 1790 – 1990

Meaning of Cultural Movement in Korea:

Open door of social movement under the authoritarian government
Cultural movement as culture itself including ideology instrument and everyday life and as culture creation
Cultural Movement is a project to remake people passive to active

Historical Circumstances of Modern Korea:

Liberation – re-colonization, de-colonization
Cold war, Korean war – Cultural cold war and Americanization; realm of culture as strong site of political struggle in Korean Peninsula (Asia); Americanization penetrates process of the modernization and nation state building in South Korea; Compared with “Sovietanization” in North Korea.
Remaking people in the process of nation building – nation state building by military regime (mobilization plan ad system; military culture: new village movement drill, barrack system; Confucian values, the thought of loyalty and filial piety; Korean democracy; modernization of the fatherland).
Historical process of cultural movement:

1945 – 1953; the variation for de-colonization
1953 – 1959; an age of discontinuity
1960 – 1969; intellectuals invention of culture by cultured intellectuals, the cultured, the educated s institution
1970 – 1979; to make any kind of subjective culture as resistance against underdevelopment Dictatorship; discovery of tradition, finding of identity, restoration of national history; articulation of cultural movement and popular movement under umbrella of the Christian; positive Americanization; folk music, young culture, anxieties for democracy and freedom.
1970; traditional masked dance movement and national theater movement
1975; creation of satirical dram by national form
1974; Association of writers for praxis of freedom
1980 – 1989; popularization movement after Gwangju and cultural movement (publication movement; import o radical theory and rading f Marxist canons; go to field, transformation of class identity from student to laborer; influence from third world movement
1987; accomplished the restrictive democracy, at the same time we met spontaneous uprising of class subjects as like labor, peasant and the poor.
1987; Laborer’s great Uprising
1988; KPAF
1989; literature for labor liberation
1990; Film – The Previous Night of General Strike
1990; Cultural Science
1998; Labor’s information and communication Group


With Burning Thirst
Solidarity song about struggle for democracy in Korea

At the crack of the dawn in the back street
I am writing your name Democracy
My head had already forgotten you for a long time
My foot walks had already forgotten you for a longtime
With only one memory of thirst in the burning heart
I am secretly writing you name
With burning thirst, with burning thirst
Democracy long live
Long live! Long live! Democracy, Long live!

(Source: Lecture Notes: Anna Malindog)


Below is Prof. Baek Won Dam, an activist turned academic who spoke about Democracy and People's Culture.



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